CONSPIRACY UNDER FEDERAL LAW
Conspiracy is a federal crime. It occurs when two or more people agree to commit a crime and then take some action toward the completion of that crime. The action taken does not necessarily have to be a crime on its own. However, it must indicate that the persons conspiring knew of the plan and intended to break the law. Keep in mind that it’s not necessary for the persons involved to actually complete their crime. All that is required is one small step toward its completion.
Let’s take an example. Bob and John agree to rob a bank. As part of their plan, they buy masks to conceal their faces. If authorities discover their plan after the hats are purchased, Bob and John can get arrested and charged with conspiracy – even if the robbery was not committed and the purchase of hats is not illegal.